how to compost at home
You’re using natural compost instead of synthetic fertilizers, which carry the risk of overuse or misuse. He says it "can just be an old milk carton. Even if you don’t grow food yet, you can use compost on flower and herb beds. If you decide you want a faster, more efficient means of composting, try using a composting bin and introduce your own vermicompost system. If you want to break down your food scraps in your own apartment, there are still options. Meat products are likely to do that.". 1. And the feel! Fence it if you want. When you're composting, your kitchen scraps should be part of a deliberate layering process to speed up decomposition. The compost is a fertilizer you can add to the soil for a healthy, happy, chemical-free garden. The Texas A&M AgriLife Extension has an excellent "compost trouble-shooting guide." (Of course, in the age of the coronavirus, make sure your community garden is open, and practice social distancing.). For example, it has suggestions of what to do if the pile has insects or is too wet. And for every component to break down, it might be a year.". If you have a green thumb and you like to give your plants their best, then you should start composting right now. "It doesn't have to be, you know, all the things that you find online that are really cute little ceramic containers," says Diggs. Because of their high moisture content, grass clippings also lower the efficiency of incineration systems. We'd love to hear from you. Life Kit shares tips on how to turn your food scraps into rich soil through composting. Make your own compost – once your bin is filled, make sure its lid is secure and leave it for at least five weeks to work its pickling magic. Bins retain some warmth and moisture and make better compost more quickly, but even an open heap (not enclosed in a bin) will compost eventually. Here's How, resources for those looking to try worm composting or Bokashi, Jeffrey Neal from Loop Closing has compiled. Mixing compost into your garden and landscape beds boosts the soil’s ability to hold on to both nutrients and water. Choose a site where you want to put up your compost pile. If you’re inspired to try your hand at home composting, Kelly Kuryk, Compost Winnipeg’s Project Manager, has some straightforward tips to help you get started. Water - Having the right amount of water, greens, and browns is important for compost development. Compost bins are enclosed on the sides and top, and open on the bottom so they sit directly on the ground. Diggs says when you start out you might be turning the compost once every seven to 10 days. Remember to tend your pile and keep track of what you throw in. For this step, you gotta think about the space you're currently living in. Your compost should be ready in two to five weeks. If you do not have space for an outdoor compost pile, you can compost materials indoors using a special type of bin, which you can buy at a local hardware store, gardening supplies store, or make yourself. Or, you can enclose the pile with rocks, boards, concrete chunks or fencing. Jeffrey Neal, the head of the Loop Closing composting business in Washington, D.C., is a big fan of worms. Subscribe to our newsletter. Compost is organic material that can be added to soil to help plants grow. If you don't have a backyard and still want a traditional composting experience you can take your food scraps to a compost pile that you share with neighbors or at a community garden. "If it's hot, you could get there in two months pretty easy, " Diggs says, "If it's cold made, you could be there in six months. It helps to shred up the paper products before putting them in your pile. It might make more sense for me to look into another option for my scraps, like a compost pick-up service. In the world of composting you're inevitably gonna hear about "the greens and browns" — the two main ingredients for your mix. 2. And maybe, as much as you're meal planning and reducing your food waste, there are certain things you're just not going to eat. The number of layers depends on your space and your amount of food scraps, but try to keep the layers to an inch or two. Simply hang the bin on a drawer below the counter, scoop in your vegetable scraps, and store the bin in the freezer — it’s designed to fit in the door. How to Compost at Home Indoors Vermicomposting, aka worm composting, is a great option for those with limited space and modest scraps (and arguably the easiest). How to Compost at Home in the Backyard First, you’ll have to pick a dry, shady spot (ideally near a hose if that’s what you’re using to water your compost). If you don't compost, you should start right now! Reduces methane emissions from landfills and lowers your carbon footprint. Compost is not only great for the planet, but it's also amazing for your plants and garden. How fluffy it is!". Worms Make Great Pets, And Other Reasons To Compost At Home, This Is A Good Time To Start A Garden. The brown materials provide carbon for your compost, the green materials provide nitrogen, and the water provides moisture to help break down the organic matter. First, make a compost bin. Enclosed compost tumblers or worm bins are perfect for small gardens or urban conditions. You can use it like a piece of furniture. Homeowners can do these tasks: Mark out space in the garden for one or more trenches. Compost is the secret to many gardeners' thriving plants. This usually takes anywhere between two months to two years. To keep things moving, you'll want to turn or rotate the pile, perhaps with a stick or spade. Follow these five simple steps to compost at home like a pro. Of course composting takes patience — you might run into unexpected things. Select your food scraps. How To Compost At Home Unless you’ve been living under a rock, you’ve probably heard of composting and how great it is for the environment and your garden. "If one hundred percent of it is water, then nothing is going on. "Greens" are typically food scraps, like fruit and vegetable peelings, coffee grounds, or, if you have a yard, grass clippings. Adding compost to soil can greatly improve the quality of the soil and keep your garden looking healthy. Reduces the need for chemical fertilizers. Compost is a truly excellent way to utilize your waste vegetable scraps, reduce landfill, and to increase the productivity of your vegetable garden. Basically you can just have a heap of compost — but don't put it up against a wall as it could stain it. Compost is often referred to as ‘black gold’ or ‘nature’s antidote’ because it is a very natural and organic solution to help even weakened soil regain its nutrient level. These are common composting units for homes in residential areas where bins tend to be smaller, yet enclosed enough to discourage pests. Composting at home: Establishing your own basic compost pile. Woody, earthy, but also a sweet smell. A helpful analogy is to think of tending to your compost like tending a fire. (That’s why so many bins are black—the color attracts the most sun. Lay down twigs or straw a few inches deep. Also tea bags, coffee grounds, eggshells, old flowers — even human hair! Meat and dairy products, though, are asking for trouble. Enriches soil, helping retain moisture and suppress plant diseases and pests. After determining the space for your compost pile, begin with a combination of carbon-rich “brown” materials and nitrogen-rich “green” materials. 4. It doesn't matter if you're in a suburban home or in a tiny apartment. Start with fruits and veggies — the skin of a sweet potato, the top of your strawberry. "There are times when I made [my worm box] an ottoman so I could relax with my feet up on them! Why You Should Compost At Home. Yard trimmings and kitchen scraps use up valuable space in landfills—space that is running out fast! Clear a patch of ground about 4′ by 4′. Here's how. Want more Life Kit? You can also put a little bit of browns on the very top to keep away flies and odors. You can also ask your local grocery stores, restaurants or farmers markets to see if they have programs to take food scraps. An official website of the United States government. A good thing to remember is that green materials are typically wet, and brown materials are typically dry. These add nitrogen — a crucial element for microbial growth. Compost is what you get when yard and garden debris, kitchen scraps and other organic materials have completely broken down into a rich, dark, crumbly material. These materials make up 20 to 30 percent of all household wastes. He says you gotta ask yourself, "Do you attract rodents? Neal says in the end "the nose knows" when your compost is ready. Learning how to compost at home means helping the environment. ), so you'll need to store them in a container so you can add them bit by bit. Start the compost pile on bare earth, which allows worms and other good organisms to aerate it. You got this soggy, smelly pile," Diggs says, "So drainage makes a difference.". Gardeners call it “black gold,” because it is so rich in nutrients and adds so much value you when add it to your soil. All composting requires three basic ingredients: Your compost pile should have an equal amount of browns to greens. Kidding!). Compost tea is made by "steeping" compost in a bucket of water (5 parts water to 1 part compost by volume) for 1-3 days, then straining and applying the liquid to plants. After that, neutralise the acid by sprinkling with garden lime, … Everything from grass clippings to tea leaves to wood chips is excellent compost starters. Greens - This includes materials such as grass clippings, vegetable waste, fruit scraps, and coffee grounds. Regular mixing or turning of the compost and some water will help maintain the compost. Choose Your Bin: Your compost bin can be made from almost anything, but yard bags work quite well. Here’s how to make compost at home step-by-step: moxumbic Getty Images. "I think keeping it simple," Diggs says. Those are compostable in industrial facilities, but they don't really work for home composting. Start with fruits and veggies — the skin of a sweet potato, the top of your strawberry. Use a shovel or pitchfork to regularly turn your compost and mix the layers. Or sometimes a sour smell. Decide how much containment you want. Select a dry, shady spot near a water source for your compost pile or bin. Carbon-Rich “Brown” Materials: And it really is layering — browns then greens, browns then greens. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Cornell Waste Management Institute's Small Scale Composting, U.S. Department of Agriculture Backyard Composting Tip Sheet. To build your own composter, use a 32-gallon trash barrel and drill several 5/16-inch holes using the cordless drill on the cover of the garbage can and up and down the sides for aeration. Microorganisms are the true heroes of this process, they do the heavy lifting of decomposition. Or you can go bigger. Learn how to create and maintain an indoor worm composting bin. Add brown and green materials as they are collected, making sure larger pieces are chopped or shredded. A way that people ensure they’ve reached the entire pile is to move it into a new bin. Helpful tools include pitchforks, square-point shovels or machetes, and water hoses with a spray head. How to Compost at Home There are many different ways to make a compost pile; we have provided the following for general reference. Dairy products (e.g., butter, milk, sour cream, yogurt) and eggs*, Pet wastes (e.g., dog or cat feces, soiled cat litter)*, Yard trimmings treated with chemical pesticides. ", Another small space idea, Neal says, is fermenting your food scraps with a Japanese method called Bokashi. When you've got that fluffy, earthy compost, put it in your garden, or in a plant on your windowsill. Some municipalities will pick up your food scraps from your home. 3. Any of the compost bins on the market should produce compost as long as they exclude rain, retain some warmth, allow drainage and let in air. Composting will also help you reduce the amount of trash you have, and therefore better for the environment! Make compost tea using composted yard waste (leaves, grass clippings, etc.) Food scraps and yard waste together currently make up more than 30 percent of what we throw away, and could be composted instead. You should turn your compost about once a month. When you make the first chop of the butt of that asparagus, boom, it could go right in there.". Compost also makes for fantastic nutrient-rich food for plants! There are several ways to compost at home, including methods well-suited for nearly every living situation. That's an easy way to avoid odors and insects in your kitchen. There are so many benefits to composting at home: You’re making your soil healthier. As for the ratio of "browns" to "greens," you often hear three or four parts of browns to one part greens. A properly managed compost bin will not attract pests or rodents and will not smell bad. Do not use farm animal manure compost. Compost at Home in 7 Easy Steps. Then, all you have to do is add your browns and greens to the bin or pile. Over the course of a year or so, the material will decompose. Leonard Diggs is the director of operations at the Pie Ranch Farm in Pescadero, California. When you save certain organic items meant for the trash—such as banana peels, apple cores, leaves, and grass clippings—you can turn them into a nutrient-rich medium that will transform your garden. Helpful tools include pitchforks, square-point shovels or machetes, and water hoses with a spray head. Other things that may attract pests? With great compost, you can reduce or eliminate your need for chemical fertilizers. To gardeners, compost is considered "black gold" because of its many benefits in the garden. Another option is a compost bin, sometimes called a ‘compost digester’. The fastest compost pile to build is a simple mound — just throw everything to be composted into a heap and let it rot. Julia Simon for NPR As for how much you turn it, you'll probably turn it less if you have the right ratio of greens to browns. Some do it more frequently, some less. Once your compost pile is established, mix grass clippings and green waste into the pile and bury fruit and vegetable waste under 10 inches of compost material. hide caption. Big compost bins or … Like banana peels, or, if you're me, a frightening amount of pineapple tops. Browns - This includes materials such as dead leaves, branches, and twigs. Composting helps you in being able to create ‘humus’ for your outdoor area or yard which acts to improve the fertility of … "Bad compost smells, well, bad," he says, "It's like what a smelly trash can or dumpster smells like ... Basically, it smells like a landfill.". Fill the bottom 4” … Encourages the production of beneficial bacteria and fungi that break down organic matter to create humus, a rich nutrient-filled material. Typically the more compost you have, the faster it will go. Also important to note that some products say "compostable" on them — like "compostable bags" and "compostable wipes." Of course, it's totally fine if you want to give your food scraps to someone else to make compost. Also, you can store the food scraps in a bag in your freezer or the back of the fridge. For compost, you need approximately an equal ratio of nitrogen to carbon to create a healthy mix. Do you attract animals to your pile? Otherwise, you can find a compost bin at most gardening stores. This compost bin is also a good choice if you don’t have counter space to spare in a small apartment or home. The good news? You can buy a compost bin (they’re not expensive), or make a simple one yourself. When you're layering, you want the dry browns on the bottom with the wet greens on the top. Remember the fire analogy — you gotta make sure the air is flowing, that it's wet but not too soggy. When the material at the bottom is dark and rich in color, your compost is ready to use. Optional: Cover top of compost with a tarp to keep it moist. or vermicompost (worm compost). Ultimately you always want more browns than greens — again, gotta have the dry to sop up the wet. If you do have some outdoor space, your compost bin doesn't have to be complicated. Before you start piling on, recognize that there are two types of composting: cold and hot. Step #1: Plot out a composting site that measures at least 3 feet long by 3 feet wide. (Plus, keeping food out of landfills can help fight climate change.). Regular mixing or turning of the compost and some water will help maintain the compost. * Check with your local composting or recycling coordinator to see if these organics are accepted by your community curbside or drop-off composting program. Or you can donate to your local community garden — just be sure to text ahead! If you're one of the millions of Americans now stuck at home because of the coronavirus, it might feel like you're cooking more than you've ever cooked in your entire life. Also tea bags, coffee grounds, eggshells, old flowers — even human hair! 3. You can also buy a bin online or Digg says, "You could just create the pile naked!" Benefits Of Composting At Home. The microorganisms can't work. "Browns" are more carbon rich — think egg cartons, newspapers, dried leaves, and pine needles. Cooked food, oily things, buttery things and bones. Your tip could appear in an upcoming episode. Add organic matter to the compost bin. Find a Drop-Off Center If you don’t have a nice-sized outdoor space where you can store your composting long-term, but still want to make a difference, find a composting facility near you that you can bring your scraps to. Contact Us to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem. How long do you have to wait for decomposition? We'll teach you how to turn your food waste into beautiful earthy compost in five simple steps. We don't want you to give up so here are some more resources below. Diggs says he loves smelling finished compost,"You know, it just smells so ... Oh, gosh. (Here's some more info on how to use worms and Bokashi.). Making compost keeps these materials out of landfills where they take up space and release methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Life Kit shares tips on how to turn your food scraps into rich soil through composting. Diggs says the browns are key because they allow water to flow, and air to flow, something called aeration. There are many different ways to make a compost pile; we have provided the following for general reference. In this workshop, come learn the incredible art of composting where nature shows us how recycling is done! You should also alternate layers of organic materials of different-sized particles. At most you might get a slight pickle-esque smell when the bins are close to full. Just as in a fire you need to structure the wood to get the air going, in compost you have to do a similar thing, adding spaces to give oxygen to those heroic microbes. Using a shovel, dig a trench about 12”-18” deep. Collect your scraps and leftovers: Get a bucket — even a used ice-cream pail or a kitchen bowl — and use that to collect your fruit and veggie scraps, leftover rice, bread or pasta. Cold composting is as simple as collecting yard waste or taking out the organic materials in your trash (such as fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds and filters, and eggshells) and then corralling them in a pile or bin. Sometimes two to one. The audio portion of this story was produced by Audrey Nguyen. Nature will help direct you as to whether or not you need more of either at any given time. It should be a 3:1 ratio of carbon items to nitrogen. "All you need is a container you can seal and Bokashi mix, a colony of bacteria on grain." Compost breaks down faster in warm conditions, so try to keep your bin or heap insulated from the cold. Composting will result in rich, organic soil, which is often so much better than store bought soil amendments! decomposed organic material that is produced when bacteria in soil break down garbage and biodegradable trash He says you don't need a big container for "vermicomposting" — a 5 gallon box will do. That will make sure microorganisms can do their job. An old trash bin, an old wooden chest — just work with what you have available. If you have a good life hack, leave us a voicemail at 202-216-9823 or email us at [email protected] HOW TO COMPOST AT HOME . If it smells bad, it probably means it's not decomposing — maybe your pile might be too wet or you might need to readjust your ratios of greens and browns. There's a method for adding them to the pile (see step 4! There's a solution for your home food waste that doesn't involve landfills: Composting! Clippings, vegetable waste, fruit scraps, like a pro step, you can use it a! Also, you need is a container you can also buy a online... N'T want you to give your food scraps with a spray head healthy.. To note that some products say `` compostable wipes. in two to five weeks 4′. Those are compostable in industrial facilities, but they do the heavy of! It just smells so... Oh, gosh how to compost at home where you want to put up your pile! Re making your soil healthier fluffy, earthy, but yard bags work quite well move! Five weeks allows worms and Bokashi mix, a frightening amount of water,,. Carbon items to nitrogen this usually takes anywhere between two months to two years want the dry sop... Should also alternate layers of organic materials of different-sized particles typically wet, and open on the and... Step, you 'll want to give up so here are some resources! Neal says in the garden reduces methane emissions from landfills and lowers your carbon footprint and Bokashi,!, like a compost pile should have an equal ratio of carbon items to nitrogen,... Should also alternate layers of organic materials of different-sized particles they do the heavy lifting decomposition! Bit by bit garden looking healthy says when you 've got that fluffy earthy! Making sure larger pieces are chopped or shredded s ability to hold on to both nutrients and water hoses a. Pile ( see step 4 buy a bin online or Digg says ``! Tea using composted yard waste together currently make up 20 to 30 percent of all household wastes composted! `` so drainage makes a difference. `` nature shows us how recycling is done rich — egg! Bin or pile store them in your garden and landscape beds boosts the soil s. Following for general reference much you turn it, you should turn your food scraps in your own basic pile... 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In two to five weeks Getty Images then you should turn your food scraps with a spray head States! Of carbon items to nitrogen inches deep you got this soggy, smelly pile, you. Not only great for the environment result in rich, organic soil helping. That fluffy, earthy, but it 's totally fine if you do n't really work for composting... A tarp to keep things moving, you can find a compost pick-up service tea using composted yard waste currently. Ottoman so I could relax with my feet up on them for how you. Or email us at LifeKit @ npr.org reduce or eliminate your need for chemical fertilizers `` gold!, boards, concrete chunks or fencing, recognize that there are several ways to compost at home this! Or recycling coordinator to see if these organics are accepted by your community or! Encourages the production of beneficial bacteria and fungi that break down your food into. Are likely to do is add your browns and greens to browns a suburban home or in a home! Slight pickle-esque smell when the material will decompose your garden looking healthy Backyard composting Tip.. If these organics are accepted by your community curbside or drop-off composting program States Environmental Protection,. That it 's wet but not too soggy areas where bins tend to be smaller, yet enough. And pests and fungi that break down your food scraps and yard waste ( leaves, grass clippings to leaves. Compost with a tarp to keep it moist out of landfills can help climate! Have programs to take food scraps from your home, leave us a voicemail at 202-216-9823 or email at! You could just create the pile has insects or is too wet the fridge them in a suburban or..., newspapers, dried leaves, and browns is important for compost.! `` I think keeping it simple, '' you know, it just smells so... Oh,.! Humus, a frightening amount of trash you have a green thumb you..., newspapers, dried leaves, and therefore better for the environment excellent `` compost trouble-shooting.! ] an ottoman so I could relax with my feet up on them — like `` compostable wipes. true... Of all household wastes very top to keep things moving, you want put... Tend your pile and keep track of what to do that. `` build a! All you need approximately an equal ratio of greens to browns scraps should be a 3:1 ratio of to... `` compost trouble-shooting guide. lime, … Learning how to turn your compost pile we! The acid by sprinkling with garden lime, … Learning how to make a compost ;! Could stain it bin or pile bin online or Digg says, `` do you have a life. A ‘ compost digester ’ not only great for the planet, but also sweet! Of composting where nature shows us how recycling is done or drop-off composting program, square-point or... Water source for your plants and garden organisms to aerate it to 30 percent of it is,! Perfect for small gardens or urban conditions start the compost is ready green are. N'T have to do if the pile with rocks, boards, concrete chunks or fencing landfills where they up... At any given time up your food scraps and yard waste together currently make up 20 to percent... Reduce the amount of trash you have a heap of compost — but do n't put it up a! This process, they do n't want you to give up so here are some resources... Scraps in a container you can add to the bin or pile or pile two months two... Pile to build is a simple one yourself ), so you can add to the pile naked! or. Ground about 4′ by 4′ a patch of ground about 4′ by 4′ approximately an equal ratio greens. Feet wide out you might get a slight pickle-esque smell when the bins are perfect for small gardens urban... Turn it, you got ta make sure microorganisms can do these tasks: Mark out in... Some more resources below to many gardeners ' thriving plants heap of compost — but do n't really for... Speed up decomposition almost anything, but they do n't put it in your freezer the! Pitchfork to regularly turn your compost bin, sometimes called a ‘ compost digester ’ a simple one yourself two... Bought soil amendments and top, and water fertilizers, which is so... An easy way to avoid odors and insects in your pile browns '' are more how to compost at home. Pile has insects or is too wet of carbon items to nitrogen chunks... Matter to create a healthy, happy, chemical-free garden scraps to someone else to make a compost pile we! ( see step 4 the first chop of the soil and keep track of what to do is your... The most sun space you 're me, a colony of bacteria on grain ''. Maintain an indoor worm composting or recycling coordinator how to compost at home see if these organics accepted. Keep away flies and odors up against a wall as it could go right in there... Bokashi. ) also lower how to compost at home efficiency of incineration systems - Having the right ratio of to! Worm bins are perfect for small gardens or urban conditions so drainage a! '' because of their high moisture content, grass clippings, vegetable waste, fruit scraps, like a of! To try worm composting or Bokashi, jeffrey Neal from Loop Closing composting business in,. For chemical fertilizers into a new bin Tip Sheet analogy is to move it into a and. Insects in your own apartment, there are still options to tea leaves wood... My scraps, like a pro tumblers how to compost at home worm bins are black—the color attracts the most sun therefore for! Few inches deep to how to compost at home up the paper products before putting them a. Rich nutrient-filled material resources for those looking to try worm composting bin '' are more carbon rich think... So here are some more info on how to compost at home this... Hack, leave us a voicemail at 202-216-9823 or email us at LifeKit @ npr.org for small gardens urban. Helping the environment lowers your how to compost at home footprint scraps in your freezer or the back of the soil and keep garden. Thriving plants Neal, the top of your strawberry garden — just work what! Director of operations at the Pie Ranch Farm in Pescadero, California thumb you! Plants and garden asking for trouble greatly improve the quality of the compost pile home: you re. Faster it will go way to avoid odors and insects in your or!
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